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project:bsd:freebsd [2018/07/14 11:54]
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-====== Informations about FreeBSD ====== 
- 
-====== Derivates FreeBSD OS ====== 
- 
-^  Derivate FreeBSD ​ ^  Use      ^  Link                                                                                        ^   ^ 
-| FreeBSD ​           | Easy use  | [[https://​www.freebsd.org/​|https://​www.freebsd.org/​]] ​                                       |   | 
-| TrueOS / PCBSD     | Easy use  | [[https://​www.trueos.org/​|https://​www.trueos.org/​]] ​                                         |   | 
-| GhostBSD ​          | Easy use  | [[http://​www.ghostbsd.org/​|http://​www.ghostbsd.org/​]] ​                                       |   | 
-| DesktopBSD ​        | Easy use  | [[http://​www.desktopbsd.net/​|http://​www.desktopbsd.net/​]] ​                                   |   | 
-| HardenedBSD ​       | Easy use  | [[https://​hardenedbsd.org/​|https://​hardenedbsd.org/​]] ​                                       |   | 
-| MidnightBSD ​       | Easy use  | [[http://​www.midnightbsd.org/​|http://​www.midnightbsd.org/​]] ​                                 |   | 
-| TrustedBSD ​        | Easy use  | [[http://​www.trustedbsd.org/​|http://​www.trustedbsd.org/​]] ​                                   |   | 
-| Frenzy ​            | Easy use  | [[http://​frenzy.org.ua/​eng/​|http://​frenzy.org.ua/​eng/​]] ​                                     |   | 
-| Debian FreeBSD ​    | Easy use  | [[https://​wiki.debian.org/​Debian_GNU/​kFreeBSD|https://​wiki.debian.org/​Debian_GNU/​kFreeBSD]] ​ |   | 
-| Gentoo FreeBSD ​    | Easy use  | [[https://​wiki.gentoo.org/​wiki/​Gentoo_FreeBSD|https://​wiki.gentoo.org/​wiki/​Gentoo_FreeBSD]] ​ |   | 
-| Raspbsd ​           | Easy use  | [[http://​www.raspbsd.org/​|http://​www.raspbsd.org/​]] ​                                         |   | 
-| Freesbie ​          | Easy use  | [[http://​www.freesbie.org/​|http://​www.freesbie.org/​]] ​                                       |   | 
-| MfsBSD ​            ​| ​          | http://​mfsbsd.vx.sk/ ​                                                                        ​| ​  | 
-| True-Pico ​         |           | [[https://​www.trueos.org/​trueos-pico/​|https://​www.trueos.org/​trueos-pico/​]] ​                 |   | 
-| BSD Router Project |           | https://​bsdrp.net/ ​                                                                          ​| ​  | 
- 
-\\ 
- 
-====== Information about FreeBSD ====== 
- 
-==== Comparing BSD and Linux ==== 
- 
-[[https://​www.freebsd.org/​doc/​en_US.ISO8859-1/​articles/​explaining-bsd/​index.html | Explaining BSD]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.freebsd.org/​doc/​en_US.ISO8859-1/​articles/​explaining-bsd/​comparing-bsd-and-linux.html | Comparing BSD and linux]] 
- 
-==== For Beginner ​ ==== 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=YncqBz0bZcQ | How To Get a GUI In FreeBSD - Beginner Class]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=MZaZjK-cOYc | FreeBSD 11.1 Installation + GNOME Desktop + Apps + Guest Additions on Oracle VirtualBox [2017] ]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=qKQFIPent8o | FreeBSD 11.1 Installation + XFCE Desktop + Apps + Guest Additions on Oracle VirtualBox [2017] ​ ]] 
- 
-[[https://​websetnet.com/​how-to-install-freebsd-10-2-with-mate-desktop/​ | FreeBSD Installation + MATE Desktop + UFS]] 
- 
-==== FreeBSD is not Windows === 
- 
-[[http://​vtbsd.net/​notwindows.html]] 
- 
-==== FreeBSD Myth (For linux users) ==== 
- 
-[[https://​wiki.freebsd.org/​Myths|https://​wiki.freebsd.org/​Myths]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.freebsd.org/​advocacy/​myths.html#​closed-model]] 
- 
-==== FreeBSD features ==== 
- 
-[[https://​www.freebsd.org/​features.html]] 
- 
-==== FreeBSD tips and tricks ==== 
- 
-[[https://​calomel.org/​freebsd_network_tuning.html | FreeBSD network tuning]] 
- 
-[[https://​calomel.org/​network_performance.html | Network performance]] 
- 
-[[https://​cooltrainer.org/​a-freebsd-desktop-howto/​]] 
- 
-[[http://​www.packetwatch.net/​documents/​guides/​2008030201.php]] 
- 
-[[https://​home.nuug.no/​~peter/​pf/​en/​|Firewalling with OpenBSD'​s PF packet filter]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.freebsdnews.com/​2017/​07/​18/​building-bsd-home-router-pt-4-installing-pfsense/​ | Building-bsd-home-router-pt-4-installing-pfsense/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.digitalocean.com/​community/​tutorials/​a-comparative-introduction-to-freebsd-for-linux-users | comparative-introduction-to-freebsd-for-linux-users ]] 
- 
-[[http://​truelogic.org/​wordpress/​2015/​09/​24/​freebsd-how-to-clean-and-rebuild-all-ports-with-portmaster/​|How to clean and rebuild all ports with Portmaster]] 
- 
-[[http://​www.wonkity.com/​~wblock/​docs/​html/​disksetup.html]] 
- 
-[[http://​www.freebsdmadeeasy.com/​tutorials/​freebsd/​schedule-tasks-with-crontab.php| schedule-tasks-with-crontab]] 
- 
-[[http://​blog.up-link.ro/​how-to-set-up-a-freebsd-router-step-by-step-tutorial/​ | Freebsd router step by step]] 
- 
-[[https://​unixblogger.com/​2011/​10/​18/​the-pain-of-an-realtek-rtl8111rtl8168-ethernet-card/​ | The pain of a Realtek (RTL8111/​RTL8168) ethernet card]] 
- 
-[[http://​blog.ataboydesign.com/​2014/​04/​23/​freebsd-10-mounting-usb-drive-with-ext4-filesystem/​ | Mounting drive with ext4 filesystem]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.garron.me/​en/​bits/​change-permissions-recursively.html | Change permissions]] 
- 
-[[https://​unrelenting.technology/​articles/​freebsd-on-the-thinkpad-x240 | Freebsd on the Thinkpad x240]] 
- 
- 
-==== FreeBSD Video ==== 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=wwbO4eTieQY | FreeBSD: Not a Linux Distro, George Neville-Neil ​  ]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=ps67ECyh0sM | FreeBSD is not a Linux distribution:​ Philip Paes]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=nwbqBdghh6E | FreeBSD Kernel Internals, Dr. Marshall Kirk McKusick ]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=UfiTV9QWhM4 | An Overview of Locking in the FreeBSD Kernel - Kirk McKusick, EuroBSDcon 2012 ]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=E04LxKiu79I | An Overview of Security in the FreeBSD Kernel, Dr. Marshall Kirk McKusick ]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=ds77e3aO9nA | A Narrative History of BSD, Dr. Kirk McKusick]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=_oWcfUt9QUs | Systems, Science and FreeBSD, George Neville-Neil]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=cofKxtIO3Is | Convincing a Linux guy to use FreeBSD :-) ]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=Ib7tFvw34DM | The Trouble with FreeBSD ]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=D-iKNtfBySg | The Realities of DTrace on FreeBSD, by George Neville Neil (EuroBSDcon 2017)]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=WnCClGMzB58 | Tuning FreeBSD for routing and firewalling,​ by Olivier Cochard-Labbé (EuroBSDcon 2017)]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=NMUf6VGK2fI | Brian Kidney: The Realities of DTrace on FreeBSD - BSDCan 2017 ]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=XnO4S7kb7vg | What is FreeBSD by Gavin Atkinson]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=A5rmG2j4Lk8 | Case Study: Switching from Linux to FreeBSD ]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=Mri66Uz6-8Y | Jordan Hubbard - FreeBSD: The Next 10 Years]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=TneLO5TdW_M | Rick Reed - WhatsApp: Half a billion unsuspecting FreeBSD users]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=CehSeSVgEUA | LFNW 2018: Switching to the BSDs: A crash course in FreeBSD, FreeNAS, TrueOS and OpenBSD ]] 
-==== FreeBSD Video ZFS ==== 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=8f9TREeqb5o | An introduction to the implementation of ZFS by Kirk McKusick]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=IQp_FglfzUQ | ZFS Internals Overview by Kirk McKusick ]] 
- 
-==== FreeBSD Video ASIANBSDCON 2018 ==== 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=e1B_6iGY2lU | P01A: Institutionalizing FreeBSD Isolated and Virtualized Hosts -- Michael Dexter]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=SLlzep0IxVY | P02A: Tuning FreeBSD for routing and firewalling -- Olivier Cochard Labbe]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=bwbLuQDoxuQ | P03A: PC BSD evolves into TrueOS - Kris Moore]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=Y5cx9hEhxfE | P04A: FreeBSD ARM32ARM64 Porting to a new board - Emmanuel Vadot]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=NeJ2ztPasso | P05A: Profiling the FreeBSD kernel boot -- Colin Percival]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=FzF9e4jrnJ4 | P06A: Role based Access Control in BCHS Web Applications -- Kristaps Dzonsons]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=vOVoylirkUU | P07A: OpenBSD/​x-ray:​ OpenBSD on medical x-ray machines -- Henning Brauer]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=bBLSvTQY7xw | P08A: Improving netdump hardware support and performance with iflib -- Sam Gwydir]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=9mOFFovdAw0 | P09A: Introducing FreeBSD VPC -- Sean Chittenden]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=lcrnXQ7xp7k | AsiaBSDCon 2018 Work in Progress Session and Closing]] 
- 
-==== FreeBSD Video ASIANBSDCON 2017 ==== 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=9zyF7Kbxj3o | AsiaBSDCon 2017 Opening - Hiroki Sato]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=tuqADfhqwa8 | P01A: Understandings NFSv4 ACLs - John Hixson]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=V_HqMATqtlA | P01B: Bulk building in the many core era - Joerg Sonnenberger]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=5Cni50vnlto | P01C: OpenBSD pf+rdomains create splendid multi tenancy firewalls - Philipp Buehler]] 
-==== FreeBSD Kernel Porting ==== 
- 
-[[https://​www.bidouilliste.com/​blog/​2015/​11/​27/​Porting-FreeBSD-to-a-new-ARM-Board-Part-1/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.bidouilliste.com/​blog/​2015/​11/​27/​Porting-FreeBSD-to-a-new-ARM-Board-Part-2/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.bidouilliste.com/​blog/​2015/​11/​27/​Porting-FreeBSD-to-a-new-ARM-Board-Part-3/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.digitalocean.com/​community/​tutorials/​how-to-install-and-manage-ports-on-freebsd-10-1]] 
- 
-[[https://​bsdimp.blogspot.cz/​2007/​10/​building-bootable-freebsdi386-images.html]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.cl.cam.ac.uk/​research/​security/​ctsrd/​pdfs/​201403-asiabsdcon2014-freebsd-smp-boot.pdf]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.bsdcan.org/​2008/​schedule/​attachments/​49_2008_uboot_freebsd.pdf]] 
- 
-[[http://​www.strugglingcoder.info/​index.php/​category/​freebsd/​]] 
- 
-[[http://​www.isysop.com/​unpacking-and-repacking-u-boot-uimage-files/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​github.com/​bitboss-ca/​freebsd-arm-tools]] 
- 
-[[http://​blog.khubla.com/​freebsd/​building-u-boot-for-chromebook]] 
- 
-[[http://​www.nikoopour.com/​2015/​03/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​raybsd.blogspot.cz/​2012/​12/​]] 
- 
-[[http://​distkeys.com/​blog/​2014/​08/​03/​inside-freebsd/​ ]] 
- 
-==== FreeBSD Kernel for beringer ==== 
-[[https://​bsdmag.org/​basic-unix-queuing-techniques/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​bsdmag.org/​unix-kernel-system-calls/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​bsdmag.org/​dynamic-memory-allocation-unix-systems/​]] 
- 
-==== FreeBSD Port ==== 
-[[https://​networking.ringofsaturn.com/​Unix/​createportpatch.php| Creating a FreeBSD Port Patch]] 
- 
-=== Making a New Port === 
-[[https://​www.freebsd.org/​doc/​handbook/​ports-poudriere.html | Building Packages with Poudriere]] 
- 
-[[https://​github.com/​freebsd/​poudriere/​wiki | Poudriere wiki]] 
- 
-[[http://​www.freebsd.cz/​doc/​en/​books/​porters-handbook/​own-port.html | Making a New Port]] 
-==== FreeBSD Jails ==== 
-[[https://​clinta.github.io/​freebsd-jails-the-hard-way/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.cyberciti.biz/​faq/​howto-setup-freebsd-jail-with-ezjail/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.cyberciti.biz/​faq/​how-to-install-and-configure-jails-on-freenas-corral-10/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​gundersen.net/​32bit-jail-on-64bit-freebsd/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​medium.com/​chris-opperwall/​quick-jail-updating-in-freebsd-f7c6bb52c6de]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.kirkg.us/​posts/​how-to-configure-a-freebsd-jail-on-a-digital-ocean-droplet/​]] 
- 
-[[https://​www.cockroachlabs.com/​blog/​critters-in-a-jar-running-cockroachdb-in-a-freebsd-jail/​]] 
- 
- 
- 
-==== How to Become a FreeBSD Committer ==== 
-[[https://​wiki.freebsd.org/​BecomingACommitter | How to Become a FreeBSD Committer]] 
- 
- 
-==== FreeBSD Sound ==== 
-[[https://​wiki.jriver.com/​index.php/​Mixing]] 
- 
-[[https://​people.freebsd.org/​~ariff/​SOUND_4.TXT.html]] 
- 
- 
-==== Steam on FreeBSD ==== 
-[[https://​github.com/​SteamOnFreeBSD/​SteamOnFreeBSD | Steam on FreeBSD]] 
- 
- 
-==== FreeBSD as Bitcoin Full Node ==== 
- 
-[[https://​bsdmag.org/​5374-2/​]] 
- 
- 
-==== Avoiding Linuxisms ==== 
- 
-[[https://​wiki.freebsd.org/​AvoidingLinuxisms]] 
- 
- 
-==== Quick start for Linux users ==== 
- 
-[[https://​www.freebsd.org/​doc/​en/​articles/​linux-users/​article.html|https://​www.freebsd.org/​doc/​en/​articles/​linux-users/​article.html]] 
- 
-^ Purpose ​                                | FreeBSD command ​     ^ Linux® command (Red Hat)  ^ Linux® command (Debian) ​ ^ 
-| Install package from remote repository ​ | pkg install package ​ | yum install package ​      | apt-get install package ​ | 
-|  Install local package ​                 | pkg add package ​     | rpm -ivh package ​         | dpkg -i package ​         | 
-|  List installed packages ​               | pkg info             | rpm -qa                   | dpkg -l                  | 
-|  List PCI devices ​                      | pciconf ​             | lspci                     | lspci                    | 
-|  List loaded kernel modules ​            | kldstat ​             | lsmod                     | lsmod                    | 
-|  Load/Unload kernel modules ​            | kldload / kldunload ​ | modprobe ​                 | modprobe ​                | 
-|  Trace system calls                     | truss                | strace ​                   | strace ​                  | 
- 
- 
-==== FreeBSD handbook ==== 
-{{ :​project:​freebsd:​book.pdf | FreeBSD handbook}} 
- 
-[[https://​wiki.freebsd.org/​ZFSTuningGuide | ZFS Tuninig guide]] 
- 
- 
-==== Support Laptops ==== 
- 
-[[https://​wiki.freebsd.org/​Laptops|https://​wiki.freebsd.org/​Laptops]] 
- 
- 
-==== Tuning Power Laptops ====  
-[[https://​wiki.freebsd.org/​TuningPowerConsumption]] 
- 
-====== First step after installation FreeBSD ====== 
- 
-The first step after installation system is good download security patches for the operating system ​ 
-and download new files for operating system and install. 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-freebsd-update fetch install 
-shutdown -r now 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Next step is to update ports collection for the operating system. 
- 
-for updating information for FreeBSD ports developers is /​usr/​ports/​CHANGES 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-portsnap auto 
- 
-or 
- 
-portsnap fetch 
-portsnap extract 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Update ports is east command 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-portsnap fetch update 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Security audit for package and FreeBSD 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-pkg audit -F 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-====== Apply security patches FreeBSD update, upgrade ====== 
- 
-==== Apply security patches ==== 
-<​code>​ 
-freebsd-update fetch 
-freebsd-update install 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-==== Upgrade FreeBSD ==== 
-<​code>​ 
-freebsd-update fetch 
-freebsd-update upgrade -r 11.2-RELEASE or other version 
-freebsd-update install 
-</​code>​ 
-====== Desktop Environments ====== ​ 
- 
-FreeBSD has several desktop environments - Xfce4, Mate, Gnome3, Cinnamon, KDE, Lumina 
- 
-==== How install Mate desktop ==== 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-pkg install mate-desktop mate xorg slim 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Enable components for kernel in etc/rc.conf 
- 
-You need enable this component: 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-zfs_enable="​YES" ​ - if you use ZFS file system 
-hald_enable="​YES"​ 
-dbus_enable="​YES"​ 
-slim_enable="​YES"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-if you want to enable crash dump, if don't you write "​NO"​ 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-dumpdev="​AUTO"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Next step is create file .xinitrc in /root/ and /home/user/ with command 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-exec mate-session 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-  and reboot. 
-  ​ 
- 
-==== How install Xfce desktop ==== 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-pkg install xfce4-desktop xfce xorg slim 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Enable components for kernel in etc/rc.conf 
- 
-You need to run desktop 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-zfs_enable="​YES" ​ - if you use ZFS file system 
-hald_enable="​YES"​ 
-dbus_enable="​YES"​ 
-slim_enable="​YES"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-if you want to enable crash dump, if don't you write "​NO"​ 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-dumpdev="​AUTO"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Next step is create file .xinitrc in /root/ and /home/user/ with command 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-exec startxfce4 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-  and reboot. 
-  ​ 
-==== How to set slim theme ==== 
-<​code>​ 
-# pkg install slim-themes 
-# cd /​usr/​local/​share/​slim/​themes 
-# fetch http://​daemon-notes.com/​downloads/​assets/​themes/​slim-freebsd.tar.bz2 
-# tar jxvf slim-freebsd.tar.bz2 
-# rm slim-freebsd.tar.bz2 
- 
-Edit and set /​usr/​local/​etc/​slim.conf 
-#​current_theme ​      ​default 
-current_theme ​      ​freebsd 
- 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-==== Optimus on Freebsd ==== 
-Comment out Nvidia-related parts from your [[ https://​www.freebsd.org/​cgi/​man.cgi?​xorg.conf | xorg.conf ]]: 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-... 
- 
-Section "​Device"​ 
-    Identifier ​ "​Card0"​ 
-    Driver ​     "​intel"​ 
-    BusID       "​PCI:​0:​2:​0"​ 
-EndSection 
- 
-#Section "​Device"​ 
-#   ​Identifier ​ "​Card1"​ 
-#   ​Driver ​     "​nvidia"​ 
-#   ​BusID ​      "​PCI:​1:​0:​0"​ 
-#EndSection 
- 
-... 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Then add the following bits to [[ https://​www.freebsd.org/​cgi/​man.cgi?​rc.conf | rc.conf(5) ]]: 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-kld_list='​i915kms'​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
- 
- 
-==== NTPD synchronize ==== 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-ntpdate_enable="​YES"​ 
-ntpdate_hosts="​in.pool.ntp.org"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Or manually update time and date 
-<WRAP center round important 60%> 
-securelevel on 2 then you cannot set time only about second. 
-</​WRAP>​ 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-ntpdate -b pool.ntp.org 
-sudo service ntpd start 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-==== Disable Beep ==== 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-# sysctl hw.syscons.bell=0 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-or if you use XFCE 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-set bell-style none 
-</​code>​ 
- 
- 
-==== Change standard shell to fish ==== 
- 
-You must add line in /etc/shells for example fish shell 
-<​code>​ 
-/​usr/​local/​bin/​fish 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Change shell and path your favorite shell 
-<​code>​ 
-chsh -s /​usr/​local/​bin/​fish 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-=== Aliases ===  
-[[http://​bin63.com/​cool-bash-aliases-for-freebsd | Cool aliases ]] 
- 
-=== Paths for shell === 
-If you need PATH for example compiler or some options ​ 
-<​code>​ 
-# ASAN settings 
-set -x ASAN_SYMBOLIZER_PATH /​usr/​local/​llvm50/​bin/​llvm-symbolizer 
-set -x ASAN_OPTIONS verbosity=1 
-set -x ASAN_OPTIONS symbolize=1 
-set -x ASAN_OPTIONS detect_stack_use_after_scope=1 
- 
-# UBSAN settings 
-set -x UBSAN_SYMBOLIZER_PATH /​usr/​local/​llvm50/​bin/​llvm-symbolizer 
-set -x UBSAN_OPTIONS verbosity=2 
- 
-# MSAN 
-set -x MSAN_SYMBOLIZER_PATH /​usr/​local/​llvm50/​bin/​llvm-symbolizer 
-set -x MSAN_OPTIONS fsanitize-memory-track-origins=2 
-set -x MSAN_OPTIONS verbosity=2 
-set -x MSAN_OPTIONS symbolize=1 
- 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-==== Nano tuning ==== 
-<​code>​ 
-set constantshow 
-set smooth 
-set autoindent 
-set casesensitive 
-set historylog 
-set morespace 
- 
-syntax "​comments"​ "​.*"​ 
-color blue "​^#​.*"​ 
- 
-## nanorc files 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​asm.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​awk.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​c.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​cmake.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​css.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​debian.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​fortran.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​gentoo.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​groff.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​html.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​java.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​makefile.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​man.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​mgp.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​mutt.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​nanorc.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​objc.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​ocaml.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​patch.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​perl.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​php.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​pov.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​python.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​ruby.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​sh.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​tcl.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​tex.nanorc"​ 
-include "/​usr/​local/​share/​nano/​xml.nanorc"​ 
- 
-</​code>​ 
-====== Mount ====== 
-==== Mount msdosfs ==== 
-<​code>​ 
-# ls /dev/da* 
-# mount_msdosfs /dev/da0 /media/usb 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-==== Mount ext2/​ext3/​ext4 ==== 
-Fuse-ext2 mounts an ext2/​ext3/​ext4 partition or image file 
- 
-For control kernels fuse modules is command: ​ 
-<​code>​ 
-kldstat 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-If you don't have fuse.ko module in the kernel 
-you use this command 
-<​code>​ 
-kldload fuse 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Then mount your partition ​ 
-<​code>​ 
-fuse-ext2 ​ /​dev/​your_partition /media/ 
-</​code> ​ 
- 
- 
-==== Mount NTFS ==== 
- 
-For mounting ntfs file system you must kernel module loaded. 
- 
-For control kernels fuse modules is command: ​ 
-<​code>​ 
-kldstat 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-and load FUSE kernel module: ​ 
-<​code>​ 
-kldload fuse 
-</​code> ​ 
- 
-and then you can mount ntfs filesystem. 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-# ls /dev/da* 
-# ntfs-3g ​ /​dev/​your_partition ​ /mnt/ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-==== Automounting Removable Media ====  
- 
-Uncomment in config file in /​etc/​auto_master 
-<​code>​ 
-/​media -media -nosuid 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Add lines to /​etc/​devd.conf 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-notify 100 { 
- match "​system"​ "​GEOM";​ 
- match "​subsystem"​ "​DEV";​ 
- action "/​usr/​sbin/​automount -c"; 
-}; 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Reload service ​ 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-service automount reload 
-service devd restart 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-and added configuration /​etc/​rc.conf 
-<​code>​ 
-autofs_enable="​YES"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-====== Ports ====== 
- 
-=====  Portmaster =====  
-<​code>​ 
-portmaster -L - Check all update for ports 
-portmaster -a - Upgrade ports 
-portmaster -af - Rebuild of installed application 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-=====  Debug ports =====  
- 
-Just put the following in /​etc/​make.conf and then recompile the ports 
-you want to include debug symbols: 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-WITH_DEBUG= yes 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-more information ​ 
-<​code>​ 
-/​usr/​ports/​Mk/​bsd.port.mk 
-</​code>​ 
-====== Compiling programs ====== ​ 
- 
-===== Simple setup ===== 
- 
-How to fast setup MYSQL Database 
- 
-The first step is the installation 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-sudo pkg install mysql56-server 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-next step is enable in /​etc/​rc.conf 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-sudo sysrc mysql_enable=yes 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Remember to run mysql_upgrade the first time you start the MySQL server after an upgrade from an earlier version. 
- 
-Now start MYSQL Server 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-sudo service mysql-server start 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-then set database 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-sudo mysql_secure_installation 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-====== Jails ===== 
-Simple script for create jail on zfs filesystem 
-<code bash> 
-#!/bin/sh 
- 
-######################################################################## ​                         
-# Donwload i386 base, ports tree FreeBSD OS 
-# and unpack base OS to your jail folder 
-######################################################################## ​                         ​ 
- 
-name_jail="​freebsd386"​ 
-arch_jail="​i386"​ 
- 
-# Create new zfs dataset for jail - only once 
-#zfs create -o mountpoint=/​usr/​local/​jails zroot/jails 
- 
-# Create jail folder ​ 
-zfs create zroot/​jails/​$name_jail ​ 
-        ​ 
-rm /​tmp/​base.txz 
-rm /​tmp/​ports.txz 
- 
-echo "​Fetching package from FreeBSD server ..." 
- 
-fetch ftp://​ftp.freebsd.org/​pub/​FreeBSD/​releases/​$arch_jail/​11.1-RELEASE/​base.txz -o /​tmp/​base.txz 
-fetch ftp://​ftp.freebsd.org/​pub/​FreeBSD/​releases/​$arch_jail/​11.1-RELEASE/​ports.txz -o /​tmp/​ports.txz 
- 
-mkdir /​usr/​local/​jails/​$name_jail 
- 
-echo "​Unpacking Freebsd base OS ..." 
-tar -xf /​tmp/​base.txz -C /​usr/​local/​jails/​$name_jail 
-tar -xf /​tmp/​ports.txz -C /​usr/​local/​jails/​$name_jail 
- 
-cp /​etc/​resolv.conf /​usr/​local/​jails/​$name_jail/​etc 
- 
-echo "​Done"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-/​etc/​jail.conf 
-<​code>​ 
-# /​etc/​jail.conf 
- 
-# Global settings applied to all jails. 
- 
-exec.start = "/​bin/​sh /​etc/​rc";​ 
-exec.stop = "/​bin/​sh /​etc/​rc.shutdown";​ 
-exec.clean; 
-mount.devfs;​ 
- 
-# The jail definition for freebsd386 
-freebsd386 { 
-    host.hostname = "​freebsd386.domain.local";​ 
-    path = "/​usr/​local/​jails/​freebsd386";​ 
-    interface = "​lagg0";​ 
-    ip4.addr = 10.0.2.15; 
-} 
- 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Packet forwarding 
-<​code>​ 
-#Define the interfaces 
-ext_if = "​em0"​ 
-int_if = "​lagg0"​ 
-jail_net = $int_if:​network 
- 
-#Define the NAT for the jails 
-nat on $ext_if from $jail_net to any -> ($ext_if) 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Run jail  
-<​code>​ 
-bsd@ ~> sudo jail -c freebsd386 
-bsd@ ~> jls 
-bsd@ ~> sudo jail -m jid=28 allow.raw_sockets=1 
-</​code>​ 
-====== ZFS ===== 
- 
-===== Mount ZFS ===== 
-<​code>​ 
-zpool import 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-For control command mount. 
- 
-===== Mount ZFS from Live CD ===== 
-<​code>​ 
-zpool import -fR /media zroot 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-===== Tuning zfs on i386 ==== 
-If you will have i386 OS you must set wm.kmem_size="​512M"​ and vm.kmem_size_max=""​ is minimal value. ​ 
- 
-This is little tunables 
-more information on http://​www.freebsd.cz/​doc/​handbook/​zfs-advanced.html 
-<​code>​ 
-vfs.zfs.prefetch_disable=0 
-vm.kmem_size="​512M"​ 
-vm.kmem_size_max="​768M"​ 
-vfs.zfs.arc_max="​40M"​ 
-vfs.zfs.vdev.cache.size="​5M"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
- 
-===== Resize partition ===== 
- 
-We added space for virtual disk (VirtualBox,​ or other) 
-but we have disk CORRUPT ​ 
-<​code>​ 
-lol@ ~/> gpart show ada0 
-=>      40  41942960 ​ ada0  GPT  (39G) [CORRUPT] 
-        40      1024     ​1 ​ freebsd-boot ​ (512K) 
-      1064       ​984 ​       - free -  (492K) 
-      2048   ​4194304 ​    ​2 ​ freebsd-swap ​ (2.0G) 
-   ​4196352 ​ 37744640 ​    ​3 ​ freebsd-zfs ​ (18G) 
-  41940992 ​     2008        - free -  (1.0M) 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Fix is easy :  
-<​code>​ 
-gpart recover ada0 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Now we need resize partion 3. 
-<​code>​ 
-lol@ ~/> gpart show  
-=>      40  81919920 ​ ada0  GPT  (39G) 
-        40      1024     ​1 ​ freebsd-boot ​ (512K) 
-      1064       ​984 ​       - free -  (492K) 
-      2048   ​4194304 ​    ​2 ​ freebsd-swap ​ (2.0G) 
-   ​4196352 ​ 37744640 ​    ​3 ​ freebsd-zfs ​ (18G) 
-  41940992 ​ 39978968 ​       - free -  (19G) 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-lol@ ~/> zpool list 
-NAME    SIZE  ALLOC   ​FREE ​ EXPANDSZ ​  ​FRAG ​   CAP  DEDUP  HEALTH ​ ALTROOT 
-zroot  17.9G  17.3G   ​621M ​        ​- ​   76%    96%  1.00x  ONLINE ​ - 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-For device is Busy , we have set this value: 
-<​code>​ 
-lol@ ~/> sysctl kern.geom.debugflags=16 
-kern.geom.debugflags:​ 0 -> 16 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Now resize partition number 3  
-<​code>​ 
-lol@ ~/> gpart show  
-=>      40  81919920 ​ ada0  GPT  (39G) 
-        40      1024     ​1 ​ freebsd-boot ​ (512K) 
-      1064       ​984 ​       - free -  (492K) 
-      2048   ​4194304 ​    ​2 ​ freebsd-swap ​ (2.0G) 
-   ​4196352 ​ 37744640 ​    ​3 ​ freebsd-zfs ​ (18G) 
-  41940992 ​ 39978968 ​       - free -  (19G) 
- 
-lol@ ~/> sudo gpart resize -i 3 ada0 
- 
-ada0p3 resized 
- 
-lol@ ~/> gpart show  
-=>      40  81919920 ​ ada0  GPT  (39G) 
-        40      1024     ​1 ​ freebsd-boot ​ (512K) 
-      1064       ​984 ​       - free -  (492K) 
-      2048   ​4194304 ​    ​2 ​ freebsd-swap ​ (2.0G) 
-   ​4196352 ​ 77723608 ​    ​3 ​ freebsd-zfs ​ (37G) 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Last step with zfs pool:  
-<​code>​ 
-lol@ ~/> sudo zpool set autoexpand=on zroot 
-lol@ ~/> sudo zpool online -e zroot ada0p3 ada0p3 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Control space in zpool.Size of zroot is right. 
-<​code>​ 
-lol@ ~/> zpool list 
-NAME    SIZE  ALLOC   ​FREE ​ EXPANDSZ ​  ​FRAG ​   CAP  DEDUP  HEALTH ​ ALTROOT 
-zroot    37G  17.3G  19.7G         ​- ​   36%    46%  1.00x  ONLINE ​ - 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-lol@ ~/​Desktop>​ sudo sysctl kern.geom.debugflags=0 
-kern.geom.debugflags:​ 16 -> 0 
- 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-====== Virtualbox ====== ​ 
-===== Virtuabox in FreeBSD ===== 
- 
-Added line with kernel module to /​boot/​loader.conf 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-vboxdrv_load="​YES"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Added line for bridged or host-only networking to /​etc/​rc.conf 
-<​code>​ 
-vboxnet_enable="​YES"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Added to group 
-<​code>​ 
-pw groupmod vboxusers -m yourusername 
-chown root:​vboxusers /​dev/​vboxnetctl 
-chmod 0660 /​dev/​vboxnetctl 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Permanent permisions added lines to /​etc/​devfs.conf 
-<​code>​ 
-own     ​vboxnetctl root:​vboxusers 
-perm    vboxnetctl 0660 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-===== FreeBSD as guest Virtualbox ===== 
- 
-Write to /​etc/​rc.conf 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-vboxguest_enable="​YES"​ 
-vboxservice_enable="​YES"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-====== ​ Wifi and FreeBSD ​ ====== ​ 
- 
-===== How to setup WIFI card ===== 
-<​code>​ 
-pciconf -l - look for if see wifi hardware 
-sudo ifconfig wlan0 create wlandev wpi0 
-sudo wpa_supplicant -i wlan0 -c /​etc/​wpa_supplicant.conf 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-===== How to setup USB WIFI ===== 
- 
-Add kernel module to /​boot/​loader.conf 
-<​code>​ 
- 
-# Kenel drives for wifi  
-if_ath_load="​YES"​ 
-if_iw_load="​YES"​ 
- 
-# Next wifi modules 
-wlan_wep_load="​YES"​ 
-wlan_ccmp_load="​YES"​ 
-wlan_tkip_load="​YES"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
- 
-Add to configure /​etc/​rc.conf this lines. 
-Configure you wifi device. 
-<​code>​ 
-wlans_run0="​wlan0"​ 
-create_args_wlan0="​wlanmode sta country CZ mtu 1500 indoor"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
- 
-Look to your hardware if you have drivers. 
-<​code>​ 
- 
-# Look for if see wifi hardware (wpi, run0) 
-pciconf -l  
- 
-# Create a device with name wlan0 
-sudo ifconfig wlan0 create wlandev wpi0 
- 
-# Create wpa_supplicant configure file with ssid network ​ 
-sudo wpa_supplicant -i wlan0 -c /​etc/​wpa_supplicant.conf 
- 
-# Scan your wifi networks 
-ifconfig wlan0 up scan  
-SSID/MESH ID    BSSID              CHAN RATE   ​S:​N ​    INT CAPS 
-lol        00:​13:​46:​49:​41:​76 ​  ​11 ​  54M -90:​96 ​  100 EPS  WPA WME 
-trololo ​   00:​11:​95:​c3:​0d:​ac ​   1   54M -83:​96 ​  100 EPS  WPA 
- 
-# IP address from DHCP server 
-sudo dhclient wlan0 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-====== GELI ====== 
-<​code>​ 
-Install CD -> Partition -> Shell 
- 
-gpart create -s gpt vtbd0 
-gpart add -t freebsd-boot -s 512k -a 4k vtbd0 
-gpart add -t freebsd-ufs -a 1M vtbd0 
-gpart bootcode -b /boot/pmbr -p /​boot/​gptboot -i 1 vtbd0 
- 
-geli init -b -g vtbd0p2 
-geli attach vtbd0p2 
- 
-newfs -j /​dev/​vtbd0p2.eli 
-mount /​dev/​vtbd0p2.eli /mnt 
- 
-- /​tmp/​bsdinstall_etc/​fstab 
-/​dev/​vtbd0p2.eli / ufs rw,noatime 1 1 
- 
-- /​tmp/​bsdinstall_boot/​loader.conf 
-geom_eli_load="​YES"​ 
- 
-exit (installer will continue) 
- 
-Change ​ /​dev/​vtbd0p2.eli to gptid/​rawuuid (gpart list): 
-/​dev/​gptid/​015ceb9a-90a4-11e6-b8fc-1392a9ed1847 / ufs rw,noatime 1 1 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-====== FreeBSD Kernel ====== 
- 
-=== Source code FreeBSD kernel === 
-<​code>​ 
-sudo pkg install subversion  ​ 
-sudo svn checkout https://​svn0.us-east.FreeBSD.org/​base/​stable/​you_version_system /usr/src 
-svn up /usr/src 
-</​code>​ 
- 
- 
-=== Profiling and debugging kernel === 
-{{ :​project:​freebsd:​profiling_debugging_freebsd_kernel_321772.pdf |}} 
- 
-=== Performance observality tools === 
- 
-{{:​project:​freebsd:​freebsd_performance_observability_tools.png?​600|}} 
-}===== Kernel module ===== 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-Simple kernel module. 
-https://​github.com/​Martinfx/​FreeBSD-Kernel-module 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-====== FreeBSD Security ====== ​ 
-===== Security on FreeBSD ===== 
- 
-To check the status of the securelevel on a running system: Add to /​etc/​sysctl.conf 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-kern.securelevel=2 
-security.bsd.see_other_uids=0 
-security.bsd.stack_guard_page=1 
-net.inet.ip.random_id=1 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-more : [[http://​www.freebsd.cz/​doc/​faq/​security.html|http://​www.freebsd.cz/​doc/​faq/​security.html]] 
- 
-===== Enabling and Utilizing Process Accounting ===== 
- 
-Tracking information such as CPU statistics and executed commands. ​ 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-touch /​var/​account/​acct 
-chmod 600 /​var/​account/​acct 
-accton /​var/​account/​acct 
-echo '​accounting_enable="​YES"'​ >> /​etc/​rc.conf 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-====== ​ ACPI ====== 
- 
-===== IBM ACPI ===== 
- 
-If you use notebooks, is better enable acpi driver in /​boot/​loader.conf For IBM notebooks is command: 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-acpi_ibm_load="​YES"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-===== HP ACPI ===== 
- 
-If you use notebooks, is better enable acpi driver in /​boot/​loader.conf For HP notebooks is command: 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-acpi_hp_load="​YES"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-More : [[https://​www.freebsd.org/​cgi/​man.cgi?​acpi_ibm|https://​www.freebsd.org/​cgi/​man.cgi?​acpi_ibm]] 
- 
-====== Linux® Binary Compatibility ====== 
- 
-<​code>​ 
-# kldload linux 
-# kldload linux64 
- 
-# kldstat - you can look for modules 
- ​1 ​  72 0xffffffff80200000 1fa7c38 ​ kernel 
- ​2 ​   1 0xffffffff821a9000 30aec0 ​  ​zfs.ko 
- ​3 ​   2 0xffffffff824b4000 adc0     ​opensolaris.ko 
-... 
-23    1 0xffffffff827bc000 389f4    linux64.ko 
- 
-and add line to /​etc/​rc.conf:​ 
-linux_enable="​YES"​ 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-====== Troubleshooting with FreeBSD ====== 
- 
-===== SSH ===== 
-==== Too many authentication failures ==== 
-If You are not able to authenticate via ssh and message "Too many authentication failures"​ is logged in /​var/​log/​auth.log you probably have more than 2 keys loaded in your ssh agent that are failing to authenticate. To solve this unload keys you are not using from ssh agent (ssh-add -d path/ ssh-add -D), use ssh -i path_to_key or create an appropriate section in your ~/​.ssh/​config with IdentityFile. 
- 
-===== BOOT on FreeBSD ===== 
- ==== Fatal double fault FreeBSD 10.3 - i386 , FreeBSD 11 - i386  ==== 
- 
-The fatal double fault is a problem on FreeBSD - i386 with ZFS file system. 
- 
-As described in /​usr/​src/​UPDATING entry 20121223, rebuilding the kernel with options KSTACK_PAGES=4 has been observed to resolve the boot-time crash. ​ 
-This, however, is not an ideal solution for inclusion in the GENERIC kernel configuration,​ as increasing KSTACK_PAGES ​ 
-implicitly decreases available usermode threads in an environment that is already resource-starved. ​ 
- 
-You must do this steps for new kernel: 
-<​code>​ 
-# mkdir -p /usr/src 
-# svnlite co svn://​svn.freebsd.org/​base/​releng/​10.2 /usr/src 
-# make -C /usr/src kernel-toolchain 
-# printf "​include GENERIC\noptions KSTACK_PAGES=4\n"​ > /​usr/​src/​sys/​i386/​conf/​ZFS 
-# make -C /usr/src buildkernel KERNCONF=ZFS 
-# make -C /usr/src installkernel KERNCONF=ZFS 
-</​code>​ 
- 
- 
-For FreeBSD 10.3 - More information on page https://​www.freebsd.org/​releases/​10.3R/​errata.html 
-For FreeBSD 11.0 - More information on page https://​www.freebsd.org/​releases/​11.0R/​errata.html 
- 
-==== How to boot from live CD ==== 
- 
-If is a problem with boot on FreeBSD and cannot run the system. 
-Back to FreeBSD menu and choose option 3. ( Escape to loader prompt ) 
-For help in command line is command help or ? (list of commands ) 
-help set are options for the command set  
- 
-For boot from CD is commnad ​ 
-<​code>​ 
-set boot_cdrom (for mount filesystem) 
-boot 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Look for a mounted filesystem with command mount.If you haven'​t zfs filesystem mounted you must run command and connect zpool : 
-<​code>​ 
-zpool import -f zroot 
-</​code>​ 
  
 
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